[重磅] 纽约法官批准证券法应用于加密货币 NY Judge Rules Securities Laws Can Apply to Crypto

2018年9月12日 11:37
來源:奇点财经

In what appears to be the first U.S. court case to address the matter, a New York federal judge has ruled that U.S. securities laws are applicable for prosecuting crypto fraud allegations, Reuters reports September 11.

据路透社9月11日报道,纽约联邦法官已经裁定美国证券法适用于起诉加密欺诈指控。

U.S. District Judge Raymond Dearie ruled that the case against Brooklyn resident Maksim Zaslavskiy, which alleges that he defrauded investors in two cryptocurrencies reportedly backed by real estate and diamonds, can continue.

美国地方法院法官Raymond Dearie裁定,针对布鲁克林居民Maksim Zaslavskiy的案件可以继续,他被指控在两个由房地产和钻石支持的加密货币中欺骗投资者。

Dearie ruled Tuesday, Sept. 11, that federal securities laws should be interpreted “flexibly,” dismissing a motion from Zaslavskiy’s lawyers to drop the charges on the grounds that the cryptocurrencies didn’t fall under the Securities Exchange Act.

Dearie于9月11日星期二裁定,联邦证券法应该可以被“灵活地”解释,以此驳回Zaslavskiy的律师提出的撤销指控的根据,理由是加密货币不属于“证券交易法”。

As cited by the Financial Times, Judge Dearie wrote in a statement, 英国“金融时报”记载,迪尔法官在一份声明中写道:

“The question is whether the ‘elements of a profit-seeking business venture’ are sufficiently alleged in the indictment, such that, if proven at trial, a reasonable jury could conclude that ‘investors provide[d] the capital and share[d] in the earnings and profits; [and] the promoters manage[d], control[ed] and operate[d] the enterprise.’ For present purposes, we conclude that they are.”

“问题在于,起诉书是否充分指出了’寻求利润的商业投资的要素’,如果在审判中得到证实,陪审团可以得出结论’投资者提供了资本,并在收入和利润上分享收益; 而发起人管理,控制并运营了该企业。就目前而言,我们得出的结论是,他们是。”

Prosecutors have claimed that in 2017, Zaslavskiy gained at minimum $300,000 from investors for a cryptocurrency called REcoin, which claimed to be backed by real estate, and Diamond, “backed” by diamonds. Prosecutors allege that no real estate or diamonds backed the digital assets.

检察官声称,2017年,Zaslavskiy从投资者那里获益了至少30万美元,该加密货币称为REcoin,据说得到房地产的支持,而Diamond币则由钻石“支持”。 检察官称,并没有房地产或钻石来支持这些数字资产。

Dearie noted that it would be up to the jury to make a final decision, adding that Zaslavskiy’s lawyers will be able to make their case in court that the aforementioned tokens should be considered currencies, making securities laws not applicable.

Dearie指出,将由陪审团来做出最终决定,并补充说,除非Zaslavskiy的律师能够在法庭上表明上述令牌只是货币,这样证券法才不适用。

之前奇点财经还做过一篇类似报道,具体请查看SEC认为“Tomahawk空投代币的行为属于证券发行,做好风险披露非常重要”。