2018年12月7日 11:29
來源:香港奇点财经 Singularity Financial

It seems almost impossible to have a conversation about emerging enterprise tech without bringing up artificial intelligence (AI). But according to a newly published report from PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), AI remains decidedly more talk than action where most executives are concerned.
PwC’s 11th annual Digital IQ survey found that only 53 percent are planning AI investments and use cases. About 19 percent said they have at least one use case and a plan, and a measly 4 percent said that they’ve successfully implemented the technology.
Furthermore, only a minority of respondents — 19 percent — are convinced that AI will be disruptive in the years to come. Executives think that the internet of things (IoT) will have ultimately have a larger impact on their businesses’ bottom lines (30 percent) than AI or robotics (12 percent).
This outlook seems to contradict other reports that show optimism for AI in the enterprise.

What people fear about?
Since 2013, the most cited predictions include a study from Oxford University that predicted 47% of US jobs could be automated within the next decade or two; an Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) report that suggested just 9% of jobs in the United States were at high risk of automation; PwC research that found 38% of jobs in the United States were at high risk of automation by the early 2030s; and a McKinsey report that found around 50% of work tasks around the world are already automatable.
By some estimates, the enterprise AI market will be worth $6.14 billion by 2022. But to be fair, transparency and privacy concerns have hindered uptake.
A separate survey by PwC in April found that a general lack of trust threatens to hamper the growth of assistants like Alexa and Siri, for instance. In a survey of 1,000 executives, one out of four said they only use voice assistance at home, citing a lack of privacy in public.
The World Economic Forum, PricewaterhouseCoopers, and Gartner have forecasted that AI could make redundant as many as 75 million jobs by 2025. And the McKinsey Global Institute this year forecasted that the portion of jobs calling for “low digital skills” may fall to 30 percent in 2030 from the current 40 percent.
在世界经济论坛,普华永道和Gartner预测,到2025年,AI或可以减少多达7500万个工作岗位。今年麦肯锡全球研究所也预测, “低数字技能”的工作岗位可能会下降到30%。

AI will create more jobs than it destroys?
The subject of AI and its potential impact on society has generated significant debate. In 2014, for example, the late scientist Stephen Hawking told the BBC that the “development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.”
Those fears might be misplaced, however. According to McKinsey, labor market shifts will result in a 1.2 percent increase in gross domestic product growth (GDP) for the next 10 years and help capture an additional 20-25 percent in net economic benefits — $13 trillion globally — in the next 12 years.
According to analysis published Tuesday by audit firm PwC: while AI could displace roughly 7 million jobs in the country, it could also create 7.2 million jobs, resulting in a modest net boost of around 200,000 jobs.
“Major new technologies, from steam engines to computers, displace some existing jobs but also generate large productivity gains,” John Hawksworth, PwC’s chief economist, said in a press release.
普华永道首席经济学家John Hawksworth在新闻发布会上表示,“从蒸汽机到计算机,新技术取代了现有的一些工作岗位,但也带来了大幅提高的生产力。”
Actually, you would find dozens of tasks that can’t be performed by machines. They can’t read and understand news and feature articles, subjectively assess appropriateness for a particular app’s audience, or communicate with reporters and other editors.
The hardest-hit industries will be those that involve high volumes of routine optimization work paired with external marketing or customer service: fast food, financial services, security, even radiology.
However, this does not mean the country will be facing a 40% to 50% unemployment rate. Social frictions, regulatory restrictions, and plain old inertia will greatly slow down the actual rate of job losses.

Artificial Intelligence jobs on the rise. China and U.S are leading the way.
AI提供了更多职业 中美两国引领潮流
Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) is a massive industry, with potential in every field from autonomous cars to human resources. According to PwC, A.I. could add up to $15.7 trillion to the global economy by 2030.
Software company UiPath took a look at the job offerings in A.I. worldwide, scanning through 30,000 job listings from 15 industry-leading countries. Including all titles—from software engineer and intelligence researcher to sales engineer and product manager—UiPath found China and the U.S. are leading the way in total number of jobs.
China tops the list with just over 12,000 job listings, followed by the U.S. with 7,000. Other leaders include Japan, the UK, India, Germany, France, Canada, Australia, and Poland.
China’s Suzhou and Shanghai are the top two cities in number of A.I. jobs overall, with 3,300 and 1,600 jobs respectively.
Six of the top 10 cities are in China,Tokyo at third; London at eighth; New York City at ninth; and Bengaluru, India at tenth. San Francisco came in 12th with just under 400 jobs, and Seattle in 15th, with just under 300.